Polyp (polyp, polypus) – an abnormal growth of tissue, benign tumor, which has epithelial origin, serving on the mucosal surface, tissue.
Polyp may occur in any organ of the floor, where there mucosa: nasal cavity, pharynx, bronchi, the entire gastrointestinal tract from mouth to anus, gall bladder, bladder, cervix and cervical canal. Polyps can be in any sex organ, but most often develop in different parts of the digestive tract and are among the common diseases of this system. Often they can be found in patients with allergic rhinitis, in which they may be formed in response to prolonged antigenic stimulation.
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Hyperkalemia or high potassium level occurs when the level of potassium in your body and blood is higher than normal.
Potassium is a nutrient that is critical to the normal function of nerve, heart and muscles cells. It plays an important role in controlling activity of smooth muscle and skeletal muscle, as well as the muscles of the heart. It is also important for normal transmission of electrical signals throughout the nervous system within the body.
Normal blood potassium level is 3.6 to 4.8 milliequivalents per liter (mEq/L). Having a blood potassium level higher than 6.0 mEq/L can be dangerous and requires immediate treatment. Extremely high levels of potassium in the blood (severe hyperkalemia) can lead to cardiac arrest and death.
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A tapeworm infection starts after ingestion of tapeworm eggs or larvae.
An adult tapeworm consists of a head, neck and chain of segments called proglottids. When you have an intestinal tapeworm infection, the tapeworm head adheres to the intestine wall, and the proglottids grow and produce eggs. Adult tapeworms can live for up to 20 years in a host. Intestinal tapeworm infections are usually mild, but invasive tapeworm infections can cause serious complications.
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The appendix is a narrow, finger-shaped pouch that projects out from the colon. Appendicitis occurs when the appendix becomes inflamed and filled with pus. This small structure has no known essential purpose, but that doesn’t mean it can’t cause problems.
Appendicitis causes pain that typically begins around your navel and then shifts to your lower right abdomen. Appendicitis pain typically increases over a period of 12 to 18 hours and eventually becomes very severe. Appendicitis can affect anyone, but it most often occurs in people between the ages of 10 and 30. The standard appendicitis treatment is surgical removal of the appendix.
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Dehydration occurs when you lose more fluid than you take in, and your body doesn’t have enough water and other fluids to carry out its normal functions. If you don’t replenish lost fluids, you may suffer serious consequences.
Common causes of dehydration include intense diarrhea, vomiting, fever or excessive sweating. Inadequate intake of water during hot weather or exercise also may cause dehydration. Anyone may become dehydrated, but young children, older adults and people with chronic illnesses are most at risk.
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