Category Archives: Diseases

Toxoplasmosis

Toxoplasmosis is a parasitic infection that may cause flu-like symptoms. The organism that causes toxoplasmosis — Toxoplasma gondii — is one of the world’s most common parasites.  Anyone can become infected with toxoplasmosis. The parasite is found throughout the world.  Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) is a single-celled parasitic organism that can infect most animals and birds. But because it reproduces sexually only in cats, wild and domestic felines are the parasite’s ultimate host.

Most people affected never develop signs and symptoms. But for infants born to infected mothers and for people with compromised immune systems, toxoplasmosis can cause extremely serious complications.

If you’re generally healthy, you probably won’t need any treatment for toxoplasmosis. If you’re pregnant or have lowered immunity, certain medications can help reduce the infection’s severity. The best approach, though, is prevention.

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Gastritis

Gastritis by itself is rarely a serious problem. Gastritis is an inflammation of the lining of your stomach. Gastritis is not a single disease, but several different conditions that all have inflammation of the stomach lining. The inflammation of gastritis is often the result of infection with the same bacterium that causes most stomach ulcers. However, other factors — such as traumatic injury, regular use of certain pain relievers or drinking too much alcohol — also can contribute to gastritis.

Gastritis may occur suddenly (acute gastritis) or it can occur slowly over time (chronic gastritis). In some cases, gastritis can lead to ulcers and an increased risk of stomach cancer. For most people, however, gastritis isn’t serious and improves quickly with treatment.

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Diphtheria

Diphtheria is a serious upper respiratory tract bacterial infection, usually affecting the mucous membranes of your nose and throat. Diphtheria is caused by Corynebacterium diphtheriae. Diphtheria is a bacterial infection that spreads easily and occurs quickly. Diphtheria is highly contagious. It’s easily passed from the infected person to others through sneezing, coughing, or even laughing. It can also be spread to others who pick up tissues or drinking glasses that have been used by the infected person.

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Polycythemia vera

Polycythemia vera also called primary polycythemia — is rare and usually develops slowly  blood disorder in which your bone marrow makes too many red blood cells. Polycythemia vera also may result in production of too many of the other types of blood cells — white blood cells and platelets. But it’s the excess red blood cells that thicken your blood and cause most of the concerns associated with polycythemia vera.   You may have it for years without noticing signs or symptoms. Often, polycythemia vera is found during a blood test done for some other reason. Without treatment, polycythemia vera can be life-threatening.

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