Polyp (polyp, polypus) – an abnormal growth of tissue, benign tumor, which has epithelial origin, serving on the mucosal surface, tissue.
Polyp may occur in any organ of the floor, where there mucosa: nasal cavity, pharynx, bronchi, the entire gastrointestinal tract from mouth to anus, gall bladder, bladder, cervix and cervical canal. Polyps can be in any sex organ, but most often develop in different parts of the digestive tract and are among the common diseases of this system. Often they can be found in patients with allergic rhinitis, in which they may be formed in response to prolonged antigenic stimulation.
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Kleptomania is the irresistible urge to steal items that you don’t really need and that usually have little value. It’s a serious mental health disorder that can tear your life apart if not treated. It is a type of impulse control disorder — a disorder in which you can’t resist the temptation or drive to perform an act that’s harmful to you or someone else. Many people with kleptomania live lives of secret shame because they’re afraid to seek mental health treatment. Although there’s no cure for kleptomania, treatment with medication or psychotherapy may be able to help end the cycle of compulsive stealing.
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The appendix is a narrow, finger-shaped pouch that projects out from the colon. Appendicitis occurs when the appendix becomes inflamed and filled with pus. This small structure has no known essential purpose, but that doesn’t mean it can’t cause problems.
Appendicitis causes pain that typically begins around your navel and then shifts to your lower right abdomen. Appendicitis pain typically increases over a period of 12 to 18 hours and eventually becomes very severe. Appendicitis can affect anyone, but it most often occurs in people between the ages of 10 and 30. The standard appendicitis treatment is surgical removal of the appendix.
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Aplastic anemia is a condition that occurs when your body stops producing enough new blood cells. Aplastic anemia leaves you feeling fatigued and at higher risk of infections and uncontrolled bleeding. A rare and serious condition, aplastic anemia can develop at any age, though it’s most common in younger people.
There’s no prevention for most cases of aplastic anemia. However, avoiding exposure to insecticides, herbicides, organic solvents, paint removers and other toxic chemicals may lower your risk of the disease. This is especially important if you’ve already had aplastic anemia that was caused by toxic chemicals. Exposure to the same compound a second time may cause the condition to return. Once considered nearly always fatal, aplastic anemia has a much better prognosis today, thanks to advances in treatment.
A meningioma is a tumor that arises from the meninges — the membranes that surround your brain and spinal cord. Meningiomas occur most commonly in women. Most people who develop a meningioma are adults. But a meningioma can occur at any age, including childhood.
A meningioma doesn’t always require immediate treatment. A small meningioma that causes no significant signs and symptoms may be monitored over time for signs of growth. A meningioma that never grows may never require treatment.
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