Menstruation – this is a very important process occurring in the body of every woman. Ignorance often causes us to worry over trifles, or not to pay attention to serious problems. Articles published in this section of the site, will answer all questions relating to “critical days”.

When menstruation begins?

Menstruation begins at the age of 11-15 years. Every girl’s a different age of onset of puberty. It depends on hereditary traits. That is, girls start menstruating at the same age that her mother, aunt or grandmother. Given the acceleration period may start earlier, that does not mean any were deviations. If menstruation does not occur after 17-18 years, it is a sign of serious irregularities in the physical development of girl.

Duration of the menstrual cycle

Some women are concerned about the irregularity of the menstrual cycle. First, be clear. Menstrual cycle – this time from the first day of one menstruation to the first day of the next. Only 30% of girls with regular menses become very fast. The rest of the year is required, and even more. But this does not mean that in a year menstruation will occur exactly 28 days!
28-day (the so-called lunar) cycle is considered ideal. You understand, our lives can hardly be called ideal. Nerve overload, stress, illness, bad environment, nothing is lost on our fragile health. All these factors may cause a delayed menstruation.
The normal menstrual cycle is not less than 21 days and not more than 35 days. Within these limits, allowable difference between the cycles not exceeding 10 days. The remaining cases are deviations from the norm. In this situation you should consult with a gynecologist, because of possible violations of ovarian function.
All girls and women, I recommend to a special calendar control menstruation. This calendar will provide an opportunity to determine what length and regularity of the menstrual cycle, as last menstrual discharge. Such information will be useful not only you but your gynecologist. Looking into this a calendar, you can plan your fertile days or, conversely, to calculate the “safe days”.

Duration of menstruation

Again, no precise figures on the duration of menstrual bleeding for all women. From 3 to 7 days is considered normal. The first two days are more abundant selection at other times, if I may say so, remains. If during the week you have a severe menstrual bleeding you should consult your doctor.
The use of oral contraceptives (hormonal contraceptive pills), makes menstrual bleeding more scarce and less lengthy. What’s in this situation is normal.

Volume of blood lost during menstruation

During the menstrual blood loss is negligible. The body compensates it very quickly. The average woman loses 20 to 50 grams of blood per day in total during one menstruation no more than 250 grams. Menstrual blood is usually bright scarlet, has a specific smell, and, as a rule, not curtailed.
If the menstrual discharge, you sometimes find blood clots, you should not immediately panic. This phenomenon is due to the fact that enzymes can not cope with the abundance of secretions and passed the so-called “unprocessed” blood, which accumulates in the vagina and the winding down there. It is also characterized by clusters of women using intrauterine devices. In this case, clusters – These are pieces of a fertilized egg, which is not found “safe haven” in the uterus and was washed away by menstrual blood.
Bloody scribble, in the beginning and end of menstruation – the same phenomenon is quite normal, but it should not last more than two days. Too long after the menstrual spotting may indicate various gynecological diseases (polyps, caste, etc.). In such a situation must necessarily refer to a gynecologist and pass the appropriate examination.

Pain and menstruation

Should menstruation be painful? This natural process is accompanied by various, quite inexplicable phenomena. Hormonal changes during menstruation, affect the entire body of women. Therefore, breast swells, heavy, the feeling of some tension. Some women during the menstrual fatigue, irritability, weakness of other pulse and breathing becomes more frequent, their shivering or fever, appears in a third weight in the legs, lower back aches from the fourth or pulling the lower abdomen … All are signs of premenstrual syndrome, which every woman has experienced itself. From a physiological point of view you should not pay them serious attention. However, if these symptoms lead to disability, you should consult your doctor.

Can you live sexual intercourse during menstruation? Many women believe that if their sexual partners from an aesthetic point of view it is satisfied, we can not limit itself to sex in those days. There is also the view that in these days can not be an unwanted pregnancy. First, during menstruation the cervix is slightly open. Hence, if sexual intercourse takes place without a condom, that is, the probability of falling into the uterus infection. Secondly, a healthy woman can conceive any day of the menstrual cycle! Even if you and wants to close during the menstrual period, be sure to maintain hygiene before sex and use condoms.